7 5/8" x 3/8" Wall Casing Pipe Used for Town Cove Apartment Complex

Manhatten skyline as seen from job site
A visit to this site is a visual experience. One is treated to a first class view of the downtown Manhatten skyline. a spectacle that most Manhatten residents will never get to see.

The original design for this project was for approximately 250 piles to be 10 3/4" x .312" wall pipe and something short of 1,000 piles would be 8 5/8" x .322" wall pipe, all A-252 Grade III. The 10 3/4" pipe was to be used for piles in excess of 50 feet and the 8 5/8" pipe was to be used for piles 50 foot or shorter. Negative friction or downdrag was also a factor.

7 5/8" pipe piles being driven
Jack Dougherty of DFP suggested to contractor Spearin Preston & Burrows that they switch to 7 5/8" x .375" wall casing pipe for all the piles. This pipe is sold as new reject pipe but has a minimum yield of 60 ksi. The code allows 35% of the specified yield strength as a working load. This pipe has a cross-sectional area of 8.54 in². 35% of 60 ksi is 21 ksi or a total working load for the steel of 179 kips. The pipe is filled with 4 ksi concrete and the code allows 33% of the compressive strength of the concrete. This pile has a cross-sectional area of concrete of 37.12 in² or a working load capacity for concrete of 49 kips, with a total combined structural working capacity of 228 kips or 114 tons. Dougherty also suggested that a 9 1/8" end plate be used to spread out the load on the bearing material. The actual design load of the pile was 60 tons. All piles were end bearing.

7 5/8" piles with 9 1/8" end plates attached
This change had several advantages. Reduced cost was of interest to all parties, but in addition the smaller diameter pipe presents less surface area for downdrag. The 8 5/8" pipe has 13% greater surface area and the 10 3/4" pipe has a 41% greater area.

Another big advantage was that this site was filled. Many obstructions of unknown size were present in the upper soils. The casing pipe is more capable of successfully penetrating this material than the 8 5/8" or the 10 3/4" pipe originally specified.
 

Concrete being pumped into 7 5/8" piles
The engineers accepted the 7 5/8" x 3/8" wall as a substitute for the 8 5/8" but did not agree to a substitution for the 10 3/4" pipe. At first the 7 5/8" was limited to 50 feet. But when driving the indicator pile in an area where the rock was thought to be 50 feet or less, some of these piles went to seventy feet. It was agreed that 7 5/8" piles up to 70 feet were acceptable. The 7 5/8" casing drove well even when obstructions were encountered. However, some of the 10 3/4" pipe did not preform well and the damaged 10 3/4" pipe was replaced with7 5/8" casing pipe.

There were some 7 5/8" pipe piles used for marine work, and these were .430" wall pipe coated with coal tar epoxy.

Engineer - Langan Engineering

General Contractor - Procida Construction Corporation

Piling Contractor - Spearin Preston & Burrows, Inc.

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